Question: What Is The Correct Order Of Protein Synthesis?

What are the 3 steps of protein synthesis?

Much like the processes of DNA replication and transcription, translation consists of three main stages: initiation, elongation, and termination.

Initiation takes place with the binding of a ribosome to an mRNA transcript..

What is the first step of protein synthesis?

TranscriptionThe first step of protein synthesis is called Transcription. It occurs in the nucleus. During transcription, mRNA transcribes (copies) DNA.

What are the 9 steps of protein synthesis?

Terms in this set (9)DNA unravels, exposing code.mRNA comes in.transcription (copying genetic code from DNA)mRNA exits nucleus, goes to ribosome.translation (gives message to ribosome)tRNA brings in specific amino acids (anticodons)protein synthesis begins.peptides.More items…

How many codons are needed for each amino acids?

Three codonsThree codons are needed to specify three amino acids. Codons can be described as messengers that are located on the messenger RNA (mRNA).

What is the correct sequence of translation?

A book or movie has three basic parts: a beginning, middle, and end. Translation has pretty much the same three parts, but they have fancier names: initiation, elongation, and termination. Initiation (“beginning”): in this stage, the ribosome gets together with the mRNA and the first tRNA so translation can begin.

What are the 3 stages of translation?

Translation of an mRNA molecule by the ribosome occurs in three stages: initiation, elongation, and termination.

What are the steps of protein synthesis in order?

Protein synthesis is the process in which cells make proteins. It occurs in two stages: transcription and translation. Transcription is the transfer of genetic instructions in DNA to mRNA in the nucleus. It includes three steps: initiation, elongation, and termination.

What are the 4 steps of translation?

Translation happens in four stages: activation (make ready), initiation (start), elongation (make longer) and termination (stop). These terms describe the growth of the amino acid chain (polypeptide).

What is the 2nd step of protein synthesis?

TranslationTranslation is the second step in protein synthesis. It is shown in Figure below. Translation takes place at a ribosome in the cytoplasm. During translation, the genetic code in mRNA is read to make a protein.

What is the first step of translation?

The process of translation can be broken down into three stages. The first stage is initiation. In this step, a special “initiator” tRNA carrying the amino acid methionine binds to a special site on the small subunit of the ribosome (the ribosome is composed of two subunits, the small subunit and the large subunit).

What are the 5 steps in protein synthesis?

5 Major Stages of Protein Synthesis (explained with diagram) |…(a) Activation of amino acids:(b) Transfer of amino acid to tRNA:(c) Initiation of polypeptide chain:(d) Chain Termination:(e) Protein translocation: