- What is acid explain with example?
- Which solution is the most acidic?
- What are the 3 types of acids?
- What are 5 uses of acids?
- What are 6 ACID properties?
- Which solution is the most basic?
- How do you know which compound is more acidic?
- What are three characteristics of acidic solutions?
- What are the two types of acids?
- What is weak acid?
- What has a pH of 1?
- What is meant by acidic solution?
- What are some examples of things that are acidic?
- What are acidic and basic solutions?
What is acid explain with example?
An acid is a chemical species that donates protons or hydrogen ions and/or accepts electrons.
The word acid comes from the Latin words acidus or acere, which mean “sour,” since one of the characteristics of acids in water is a sour taste (e.g., vinegar or lemon juice)..
Which solution is the most acidic?
HNO3 solutionExpert Answer So, the most acidic will be HNO3 solution. We can verify this by calculating the pH of the given solution. The lowest pH value will correspond to the most acidic solution.
What are the 3 types of acids?
Usually acids can be divided into three major types. First one is binary acid, second one is oxyacid, and the last one is carboxylic acid. Binary acids are all written in “H-A” form, which means hydrogen bond to a nonmetal atom.
What are 5 uses of acids?
Uses of AcidsAcidUsesSulphuric acidIn storage batteries In the manufacture of fertilizers, paints and pigments, detergents and artificial fibre In the manufacture of hydrochloric acid and alumPhosphric acidIn fertilizer and detergent industries9 more rows•Aug 20, 2018
What are 6 ACID properties?
Chemical Properties of AcidsAcids change the colour of litmus from blue to red.They convert the colour of Methyl Orange from Orange/Yellow to Pink.Acids turn the pink colour of Phenolphthalein to colourless.Acids can conduct electricity.Some Acids are highly corrosive in nature which means that they corrode or rust metals.More items…
Which solution is the most basic?
Barium hydroxide is the most basic solution. This can be proved by calculating the concentration of OH- ions in the solution. The one with the highest OH- concentration is the most basic solution.
How do you know which compound is more acidic?
Find the size of the base of the atom as compared to the others. Larger atoms are closer to the bottom of the periodic table, while smaller ones are closer to the top. Compare the differences in molecular structure. The closer the negative ion is to the H+ ion in the molecule, the stronger the acid is.
What are three characteristics of acidic solutions?
General Characteristics of Acids:pH < 7.Sour taste (though you should never use this characteristic to identify an acid in the lab)Reacts with a metal to form hydrogen gas.Increases the H+ concentration in water.Donates H+ ions.Turns blue litmus indicator red.
What are the two types of acids?
There are two basic types of acids organic and inorganic acids.
What is weak acid?
A weak acid is an acid chemical which does not dissociate (split into ions) completely in water solution. This means it does not give all its hydrogen ions into the water. Weak acids typically have a pH between 3 and 6. Acetic acid (CH3COOH) and oxalic acid (H2C2O4) are examples of weak acids.
What has a pH of 1?
The pH scaleIncreasing pH (Decreasing Acidity)Substances0 (most acidic)Hydrochloric acid (HCl)1Stomach acid2Lemon juice3Cola, beer, vinegar15 more rows
What is meant by acidic solution?
An acid is a substance that donates hydrogen ions. Because of this, when an acid is dissolved in water, the balance between hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions is shifted. Now there are more hydrogen ions than hydroxide ions in the solution. This kind of solution is acidic.
What are some examples of things that are acidic?
Examples of common things which are acidicEditMilk (as it contains lactic acid)Citrus fruits (Oranges, Lemons, Limes)Apples.Pineapples.Mangoes.Water and soft drinks (Carbon dioxide reacts in water to form carbonic acid)Stomach acids.Vinegar.
What are acidic and basic solutions?
Acidic solutions are any solution that has a higher concentration of hydrogen ions than water; solutions that have a lower concentration of hydrogen ions than water are called basic or alkaline solutions.